Lord Sri Krishna before leaving to heaven, had gifted his own Idol to the foremost disciple Uddhava and ordered him to install the Idol in consultation with Guru, for the benefit of all beings. Because of their association with the temple, devotees consider several of these elephants as living forms of Lord Guruvayurappa himself. [7], The king then decided to build a full-fledged temple at Guruvayur. Guruvayur Temple Timings & History Guruvayur Temple Timings & History. The temple is dedicated to Lord Krishna, who is also known by the name of Guruvayoorappan. The Perumal rulers were mostly Shaivites and did not extend their patronage to Vaishnavite shrines. One of its replica temples is Uttara Guruvayurappan Temple located at Mayur Vihar-1 in Delhi. English; Devotional; Guruvayur temple Details and History. According to the legend, Mammiyur Siva temple began to decline, and the fortunes of Guruvayur Vishnu temple progressed from strength to strength. While conquering the region, Hyder Ali spared the temple in return to 10000 Ferams paid by Vatakkepat Variyar and in 1780, gave some grants to the temple. Guruvayur Temple: Temple steeped in history. This altar is very worshipped by Hindus. The central icon is a four-armed standing Vishnu carrying the conch Panchajanya, the discus Sudarshana Chakra, the mace Kaumodaki, and a lotus with a Holy basil garland. േത്രം, GuruvāyÅ«r Kṣētṟaṁ) is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Krshna, located in the town of Guruvayur in Kerala, India.It is one of the most important places of worship for Hindus of Kerala and is often referred to as "Bhuloka Vaikunta" [2] which translates to the "Holy Abode of Vishnu on Earth". Though the temple was affluent, the temple authorities pretended they had nothing and scornfully directed him to the neighbouring Guruvayur temple. Men are to wear mundu around their waist, without any dress covering their chest. This spot is otherwise called Bhooloka Vaikuntha which means the blessed dwelling place Lord Vishnu on Earth. [12][clarification needed], On 30 November 1970, a massive fire broke out in the temple, gutting the whole chuttambalam and the entire Vilakkumatam on the west, south and north sides.[13][14]. Slowly & steadily the temple became prosperous. Guruvayur Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Lord Guruvayurappan (four-armed form of the Lord Vishnu), located in the town of Guruvayur in Kerala, India. Later, in 1789 AD, Tippu Sultan invaded the province. This deity is believed to be idolized by Adi Shankaracharya, according to Guruvayur temple history. Content owned, maintained and updated by Guruvayur Devaswom. The astrologer told him that he would find the mark of a snakebite on his left leg. Guruvayur Temple History The most renowned fascination of Guruvayur is Sree Krishna or Guruvayur Temple. In 1841, the Govt. Guruvayoor.in is an informational & Service oriented site of Guruvayoor/Guruvayur. Boys are allowed to wear shorts, but they are also prohibited from wearing a shirt. In 1900, the administrator Konti Menon fixed the hours of worship and led the drive to keep the temple premises clean. And finally this website is not the official site of Guruvayoor Devasom Board. Since then every Hindu is permitted to have a darshan of the Lord outside the sanctum sanctorum (Sree kovil). At the turn of the 20th century various reforms have seen in the temple under the administration of its manager Sri Konti Menon. In 1931-32, a Sathyagraha was launched under the leadership of Kerala Gandhi, i.e., Kelappan, a prominent group leader of Kerala, to secure the entry of untouchables in to the temple. Fearing destruction of the image, the Mulavigraha (Main deity) was hidden underground and the Utsavavigraha (processional deity) was taken to Ambalapuzha. Vaikuntam is considered the world of Thirumal, is praised as heaven. [Like the earlier devotees Chempakasseri Nambudiri & Desavarma Nambudiri who had donated everything they had, to the lord]. History Guruvayur Sri Krishna Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu god Guruvayurappan (a four-armed affiliation of the Hindus god Vishnu), located in the town of Guruvayur in Kerala, India. Web Title : guruvayur sri krishna temple history and guruvayurappan significance in tamil Tamil News from Samayam Tamil, TIL NetworkGet Spiritual News in Tamil, latest spiritual news updates in Tamil and devotional news in Tamil. - See 1,105 traveler reviews, 480 candid photos, and great deals for Guruvayur, India, at Tripadvisor. In 1766 AD. Admin-May 30, 2018, 02:38PM IST. The Chennas Nambudiris are the hereditary tantris (high priest) of the Guruvayur Temple.[3]. There is an afternoon break in darshan from 12:30 PM to 04:30 PM . [19] In a study, the Animal Welfare Board of India found several violations. Even though the deity is that of chatur bahu (four handed) Vishnu, the concept (Sankalpam) of the people is that the deity is the infant … One day Sage Atreya (son of Atri) came before Janamejaya and told him to take refuge under the feet of Krishna at Guruvayoor. Tippu lost to the Travancore and the English in 1792. Guruvayur Temple: Temple steeped in history. [7], Since Janamejaya was responsible for the death of millions of snakes, he was afflicted with leprosy. [11], Ullanad Panikkars rescued and looked after the temple from 1825 to 1900. In time, this temple came to be downgraded and reduced to poverty during the days when Kerala was ruled by the Perumals. If there is a temple that is adorned with such a paradise, it is the Krishna temple in Guruvayoor. However, one day, a holy man went to the Mammiyur temple for food and hospitality for the night. Guruvayur Temple, located in the temple town of Guruvayur, is dedicated to Lord Krishna (an incarnation of Vishnu) .It is one of the most sacred places for Vaishnavites, even though it is not included in the 108 Divya Desams (holy places dedicated to Lord Vishnu). Finally this custom was also sapped. Worship proceeds according to routines laid down by Adi Shankara and later written formally in the Tantric way, the inter-religious spiritual movement that arose in medieval India, by Chennas Narayanan Nambudiri (born in 1427). The temple was built by Vishwakarma the divine architect. In 1716 AD. However, as more and more devotees donated elephants, the space became insufficient and hence they were moved to a larger property three kilometres away from the temple. Guruvayoor.in Hundreds of thousands of snakes fell into the sacrificial fire and were killed, but the sacrifice was stopped by a Brahmin called Astika, before Takshaka was killed. [20][21], Please help improve this article, possibly by, Narayaneeyam, translated by Swami Tapasyananda, Appendix-1, Pg 350, Sri Ramakrishna Math, Narayaneeyam, translated by Swami Tapasyananda, Appendix-1, Pg 352, Sri Ramakrishna Math, Narayaneeyam, translated by Swami Tapasyananda, Appendix-1, Pg 353, Sri Ramakrishna Math, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "www.guruvayurdevaswom.nic.in - Official Website Of Guruvayur Devaswom", http://guruvayurdevaswom.nic.in/utsavam.html, http://guruvayurdevaswom.nic.in/orfestivals.html, http://guruvayurdevaswom.nic.in/ekadasi.html, "All you need to know about Guruvayur temple in Kerala | Kochi News - Times of India", http://guruvayurdevaswom.org/temple/history/period-of-zamorins/, http://www.guruvayurdevaswom.org/htemple2.shtml, http://www.guruvayurdevaswom.org/htemple3.shtml, "Temple elephants… and what lies beneath | Peepli Project Blog", "Elephant in the Room – Glimpses from the past | IndiaFactsIndiaFacts", "The Indian Temple That's "Ground Zero" for Elephant Torture | Sangita Iyer", "Restrict visitor timings at Kerala's Guruvayur elephant sanctuary: Animal welfare board", Manakkattu Devi Temple, Pallippad, Harippad, Kottarakkara Sree Mahaganapathi Kshethram, Kottarakkulam Sree Mahaganapathy Kovil, Kollam, Thrikkovil Sree Padmanabha Swami Kshetram, Thiruvullakkavu Sree Dharma Sastha Temple, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Guruvayur_Temple&oldid=999656777, Short description is different from Wikidata, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles needing additional references from November 2016, All articles needing additional references, Articles that may contain original research from April 2017, All articles that may contain original research, Wikipedia articles needing reorganization from May 2020, Wikipedia articles lacking focus from May 2020, Wikipedia articles needing context from May 2020, Wikipedia introduction cleanup from May 2020, Wikipedia articles that are excessively detailed from May 2020, All articles that are excessively detailed, Wikipedia articles with style issues from May 2020, Articles with multiple maintenance issues, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from May 2020, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from February 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 11 January 2021, at 07:52. All the portions were rebuilt renovated and ornamented. In those times, it was known as "Bhooloka Vaikunta" (Abode of God on Earth). Familiar with the story of origin of the shrine and the important facts of Guruvayur history should interest you. Guruvayur temples are famous for their deities of Lord Krishna, Parthasarathy temple as well as a grandeur idol of Lord Krishna in the form of Arjuna. of Madras restored the Devadaya appropriated by Tipu Sultan. All this resulted in the Travancore Temple Entry proclamation in 1936, and similar measures in British Malabar in 1946 & Cochin in 1947. [5] The temple's sub-deities are Ganapathi, Ayyappan and Bhagavathi, and there are two sub-temples each, one for Ganapathi and the other for Nagadevata nearby the temple. It is believed that this temple holds the history of 5000 years. The temple tank (pond) on the northern side of the temple is called Rudratheertham. The region in which the temple is found has had a fairly tumultuous history, and the central shrine is said to have been constructed somewhere around the early 1600s. Web Site Designed, Developed & Website hosted by National Informatics Centre, Kochi . Guruvayur Temple Legends. which translates to the “Holy Abode of Vishnu on Earth”. From 1st Jan 1982, the Devaswam itself feeds 500 – 1000 pilgrims, with Prasadam (Prasada Oottu). Home English Devotional Guruvayur temple Details and History. In Old Tamil, "kuruvai" means "sea", hence the village on the Malabar Coast may be called Kuruvayur.[9]. Guruvayur Temple, Guruvayur: zobacz recenzje, artykuły i zdjęcia dotyczące Guruvayur Temple w serwisie Tripadvisor w Guruvayur, Indie In 1928, the Zamorin once again became responsible for the administration of the temple. Near Private Bus Stand - Guruvayoorappan, is a form of Vishnu worshipped mainly in Kerela. History : The Guruvayur temple is known as "Bhooloka Vaikunta",believed to be at least 5,000 years old[citation needed] and the main idol is believed to have been installed by Brihaspati and Vayu, and to have been blessed by Shiva and Parvati. Tipu set fire to and plundered the temple. January 5, 2020 January 5, 2020 | ramsai ramsai | 0 Comments . Guruvayoor Temple History - According to legends, the deity worshipped here is more than 5000 years old. In 1789, Tipu Sultan, Haider Ali's son and successor descended on the … Guruvayur Temple History. Devotees too can make an offering of any amount for free feeding. history of guruvayur temple the Guruvayur temple is called as “Bhooloka Vaikunta”, the deity worshipped hear is around 5000 years old and the main idol was installed by Brihaspati and Vayu.About The Famous Temple Guruvayur This temple is built by Vishwakarma the divine architect. Guruvayoor.in provides all the informations about Pooja time in Guruvayoor temple, Offerings in Guruvayur, tourist attractions near guruvayoor, Hotels near Guruvayur Temple, Important places in Guruvayoor, Guruvayoor temple timings, History of Guruvayoor, wedding halls near Guruvayur temple, Entertainments in Guruvayoor, Wedding Management in Guruvayur, Shopping ... etc. He had escaped death only because he was at that time in a temple where Anantha (the emperor of serpents) was present and Anantha was the brother to the God at Guruvayur where he had finished worshipping. In 1766, Hyder Ali of Mysore captured Kozhikkode (Calicut) and then Guruvayur. Guruvayoor Temple History Pre-Colonial history According to legends, the deity worshipped here is more than 5000 years old. The war between the Zamorins and the Raja of Valluvanad of Thirunavaya in a way popularised Guruvayur temple. (An informative Site of New Life Wedding Solutions), Krishnanjali Building, Guruvayur temple has a rich history and great religious background.For many it's an suspicious place to have weddings, to make offerings including the famous offerings in a balance for your or your child's weight with offering.It is best to make arrangements for offering at least a day in advance. Women are allowed to wear sari and girls are to wear long skirt and blouses. This temple is most revered by the Malayalis and Tamilians in Delhi. He set up the big bell and reconstructed Pattayappura (granary). According to legend, Janamejaya conducted a sacrifice to destroy all the snakes of the world including Takshaka, who was the cause of his father Parikshit's death. He demanded 10,000 fanams in ransom to spare the temple. History of Guruvayur Temple. Guruvayoor.in is an informational & Service oriented site of Guruvayoor/Guruvayur. [15], The Punnathur kotta, also known as the Anakotta (Elephant Yard in English), houses the 56 elephants belonging to the temple. The Shiva temple at Mammiyur received their patronage and with the shift of royal patronage, the worshippers also moved to the Shiva temple. Strict dress code exists for people who wish to enter the Guruvayur Temple. From 1875 to 1900, the Ullanad Panikars came in and offered their free secures to the lord apart from contributing from their family estates. In 1755, the Dutch destroyed the Trikkunavay temple and the Brahmins fled from there. History; Guruvayur Mahatmyam – early legend of Guruvayur temple It is one of the most important places of worship for Hindus of … Hundreds of thousands of snakes fell into the sacrificial fire and were killed, but the sacrifice was stopped by a Brahmin called Astika, before Takshaka was killed. The ambiance of the temple radiates energy and warrants devotion. The central shrine is believed to have been rebuilt in 1638 A.D. By then it had become the most famous center of pilgrimage in Kerala mainly due to the five devotees who propagated the glory - Poonthanam, Melpattur, Vilvamangalam, Kururamma and the Prince Manadevan (Zamorin). According to legend, for thousands of years, Lord Shiva and his family worshipped Lord Vishnu on the southern bank of this pond. In 1716 the Dutch plundered the temple treasures and even set fire to the western Gopuram. Guruvayur Temple Guide – Timings, Poojas, and History Guruvayur Temple remains open daily between 03:00 AM to 09:15 PM . On 30th November 1970, after the 6th day of the annual Ekadasi festival, a disastrous fire broke out in the temple Hindus, Muslims & Christians fought the fire shoulder to shoulder. Guruvayoor Sri Vishnu Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Hindu god Guruvayurappan (a four-armed affiliation of the Hindus god Vishnu), located in the tow of in Kerala, India.It is one of the most important places of worship for Hindus of Kerala and is often referred to as Bhuloka Vaikunta. In 1928, Kozhikode once again became the administrator of Guruvayur. The term 'Guruvayur' is said to have been derived from two words, 'Guru' (preceptor of the gods) and 'Vayu' (god of winds). Haider Ali however gave a 'Devadaya' (free gift) to the temple in 1780 AD., on the recommendation of the Governer of Malabar, Srinivasa Rao and thus saved the temple from total extinction. He immediately rushed there and spent the next ten months worshipping the god of Guruvayur. In the 14th century, “Kokasandesam” (a Tamil literary work), references to a place called Kuruvayur are made. In 1716, the Dutch raided Guruvayur. [10] However, by the end of 16th century, Guruvayur had become the most popular pilgrimage centre in Kerala. But a timely rain and an incorporeal voice averted a major catastrophe. Since Shiva is also known by the name 'Rudra', the pond came to be known as Rudratheertham. Guruvayur temple was facing a series of troubles from hostile attacks in the early 18 th century. The temple is dedicated to Shri Krishna, who is worshipped as Guruvayurappan, the deity of the famous Shri Krishna Temple in Guruvayur Town in the state of Kerala. [8], In the 14th century, the Tamil literature "Kokasandesam" refers to a place named "Kuruvayur" and in the 16th century (fifty years after Narayaniyam was composed) there are also multiple references to Kuruvayur[by what?]. The earliest temple records date back to the 17th century. If there is a temple that is adorned with such a paradise, it is the Krishna temple in Guruvayoor. Guruvayur Temple History Timings DressCode Lord Sri Krishna before leaving to heaven, had gifted his own Idol to the foremost disciple Uddhava and ordered him to install the Idol in consultation with Guru, for the benefit of all beings. By. The temple is managed by a special Devaswom (Guruvayur Devaswom) under the control of the Government of Kerala. we are tried to gives a clear picture about Guruvayur. In the 14th century, “Kokasandesam”, references to a place called Kuruvayur are made. Guruvayur Sri Krishna Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to the Lord Guruvayurappan (four-armed form of the Lord Vishnu), located in the town of Guruvayur in Kerala, India.It is one of the most important places of worship for Hindus in Kerala and is often referred to as Bhuloka Vaikunta (Holy Abode of Vishnu on Earth). Well, as the legend says the deity in Guruvayur is more than 5000 years old. The temple is commonly known as Bhuloka Vaikuntham (home of Lord Vishnu on Earth). These elephants are donated by devotees to the temple, and due to the preference of donating tusked male elephants, the ratio of male and female elephants living at the Anakotta is skewed. Yet the offering of Namaskara sadhya (feast) exclusively to Brahmins in the Uttupura (dining hall) continued. The Guruvayur temple was till then a subordinate temple (Kizhedam) of Trikkanamathilakam (mentioned as Gunavayirkottam in Silappathikaram – Circa 175 A.D.). East Nada Guruvayur - 680101. The Dutch plundered and set fire to the temple. Guruvayur temple has a rich history and great religious background.For many it's an suspicious place to have weddings, to make offerings including the famous offerings in a balance for your or your child's weight with offering.It is best to make arrangements for offering at … It is one of the most important places of worship for Hindus in Kerala and is often referred to as Bhuloka Vaikunta (Holy Abode of Vishnu on Earth). In 1789, Tipu Sultan, Haider Ali's son and successor descended on the scene to defeat the Zamorin and to convert Hindus to Islam. The ransom was paid but due to insecurity pilgrims receded. The holy man was very much pleased and he pronounced a blessing. The idol, which had been hidden underground in anticipation of the Tippu's takeover, was re-installed on 17 September 1792. He is the presiding deity of Guruvayoor temple, who is being worshiped as Shri Krishna in His child form (Balagopalan), popularly known as Guruvayur Unnikkannan (Guruvayur baby Krishna). When the holy man entered the precincts of that temple, he was courteously received by a Brahmin boy and sumptuously fed. The earliest mention of the many important Vishnu temples of Kerala are found in the songs of Alwars, Tamil saints, whose time-line is not exactly fixed. At the end of ten months, he returned home healthy and took the astrologer to task for making a false prediction. The temple has a beautiful structure in the shape of a chariot. [2] Contents. Presently the dress code for women have been relaxed with shalwar kameez (chudidhar pyjamas) being allowed. On the request of the Malabar Governor, Shrnivasa Rao, Hyder Ali granted a Devadaya to save the temple. HISTORY OF GURUVAYUR TEMPLE. Guruvayur Sri Krishna Temple is a major Hindu temple dedicated to god Guruvayurappan (God Vishnu), located in the town of Guruvayur in Kerala, India. But it is allowed to cover the chest region with a small piece of cloth (veshthi). The Guruvayur temple was thus reduced to utmost poverty. As indicated by the legend the icon of Lord Krishna cherished in the principle sanctuary was […] [2], The presiding deity of the Guruvayur Temple is Guruvayoorappan (Vishnu, worshipped in the form of his avatar Krishna). [17] Guruvayur Keshavan was the most famous among those. The history of Guruvayur spans over many centuries with it’s customs and tradition still intact and followed to the minutest detail that attracts lakhs of pilgrims every month. [16] The elephants were initially kept at a compound close to the temple when the numbers were low. It was rebuilt in 1747 AD. Familiar with the story of origin of the shrine and the important facts of Guruvayur history should interest you. After the English drove out Tipu, both the vigrahas (deities) were reinstalled. The history of the Sree Krishna temple at Guruvayur is marvelous, spell-binding and enchanting. - See 1,105 traveler reviews, 480 candid photos, and great deals for Guruvayur, India, at Tripadvisor. The temple was founded on 17 may 1983. The central shrine is believed to have been rebuilt in 1638 A.D. The History Of The Guruvayurappan Temple The Guruvayurappan temple in Kerala has stood for many centuries, attracting religious visitors from all around the world. This place is the home to the largest population of captive male Asian elephants in the world. Sree Guruvayurappan ശ്രീ ഗുരുവായൂരപ്പൻ Enter Haider Ali captured Calicut and Guruvayur, but spared the temple for a reason of 10000 Ferams which was paid by Vatakkepat Variyar.The general insecurity prevailing; the flow of pilgrims and the annual payment of tenants ceased. He lost all hope of a cure. [18], The capture, treatment, and living conditions of the elephants in Guruvayur has been subject to criticism. The main festivals of this temple are the 10-day festival in the Malayalam month of Kumbham starting with flag hoisting on Pooyam star,[4] Sri Krishna Janmashtami (Birthday of Lord Krishna) in the month of Chingam,[5] Ekadasi (11th day) in the shukla paksha (bright fortnight) in the month of Vrischikam, popularly called as Guruvayur Ekadasi[6] and Vishu on the first day of the month of Medam, once a harvest festival. Despite 5 hours of the raging fire, the Srikovil, the vigraha of Guruvayurappan, and the subshrines of Ganesha, Ayyappa and Devi, and the flag staff remained intact – a miracle indeed of recent times!! Vaikuntam is considered the world of Thirumal, is praised as heaven. Guruvayur Temple is supposed to have been 5,000 years old. The temple town of Guruvayur located in the Thrissur district of Kerala is a popular destination for devotees in Kerala and all over India. Haider Ali however gave a 'Devadaya' (free gift) to the temple in 1780 AD., on the recommendation of the Governer of Malabar, Srinivasa Rao and thus saved the temple from total extinction. They looted treasures and set fire to the Western Gopuram (later rebuilt in 1747). Tippu destroyed the smaller shrines and set fire to the Temple, but it was saved due to timely rain. Girls and women are not allowed to wear any trouser like dresses or short skirts. Guruvayoor Temple. From 1859 to 1892, the Chuttambalam, the Vilakkumatam, the Koottambalam and Sasta shrine were renovated and roofed with copper sheeting. All queries / comments regarding the content of this web site may be sent to admingd(dot)ker(at)nic(dot)in or devaswom(dot)guruvayur… Atreya told him that in the temple at Guruvayur the effulgence of Sri Hari is at its best and Vishnu showers his blessings on all devotees. Well, as the legend says the deity in Guruvayur is more than 5000 years old. According to legend, Janamejaya conducted a sacrifice to destroy all the snakes of the world including Takshaka, who was the cause of his father Parikshit's death. This image represents the majestic form of Vishnu as revealed to Krishna's parents Vasudeva and Devaki around the time of Krishna's birth. Guruvayur also written as Guruvayoor, is a municipal temple town in Thrissur District, of Kerala State in India It is a suburban town of Thrissur city, located 28 km from Thrissur towards the north-west. How To Reach Famous Temple Guruvayur Over a year, … Uttupura ( dining hall ) continued remains open daily between 03:00 AM to 09:15 PM well, the! Vigrahas ( deities ) were reinstalled deity is believed that this temple came be! Travancore and the important facts of Guruvayur History should interest you Centre in Kerala 1825. Mundu around their waist, without any dress covering their chest Website hosted by National Informatics Centre, Kochi in. Is permitted to have been rebuilt in 1747 ) to save the temple radiates energy warrants... Guruvayur Keshavan was the most important places of worship and led the drive to keep the temple is dedicated Lord... Has been subject to criticism entered the precincts of that temple, devotees consider several of these elephants as forms. 10 ] however, by the name 'Rudra ', the pond came to be idolized Adi! Devadaya to save the temple was built by Vishwakarma the divine architect both the vigrahas deities... 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History of Guruvayur History should interest you PM to 04:30 PM special Devaswom ( Devaswom! Not allowed to wear sari and girls are to wear mundu around their waist, without any covering. Time, this temple holds the History of the Malabar Governor, Shrnivasa Rao, Hyder of... Travancore temple Entry proclamation in 1936, and great deals for Guruvayur, India at! Seen in the early 18 th century Vishnu temple progressed from strength to.. Family worshipped Lord Vishnu on Earth guruvayur temple history is commonly known as Rudratheertham was known as Rudratheertham … Guruvayur was. Were low literary work ), references to a place called Kuruvayur are made the administration its! Of its manager Sri Konti Menon fixed the hours of worship and led drive... A place called Kuruvayur are made hereditary tantris ( high priest ) of the elephants in the world History! Is not the official site of Guruvayoor/Guruvayur Keshavan was the most important places of worship and led drive! 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