Biography Edit. Robert de La Salle wanted to find a waterway across North America to reach China. He was the first European to make contact with many native tribes and due to his work the French were able to set up many trading posts along the Mississippi River and its tributaries. Robert de La Salle led an expedition on the Mississippi River, and during the trek, he claimed the area for France. La Salle was left in command of the fort in 1673. His father was Jean Cavelier, and his mother was Catherine Geeset. Henri de Tonti joined his explorations as his lieutenant. With his newfound success, La Salle returned to Canada and rebuilt Fort Frontenac in stone. Nationality and Background I was born on November 22, 1643 near Rouen, France. Robert Cavelier de La Salle was born on November 22, 1643 and died on March 19, 1687. He named the Mississippi basin La Louisiane in honor of Louis XIV and claimed it for France. In 1995, La Salle's last ship, La Belle, was found at the bottom of Matagorda Bay on the Texas coast. Common terms and phrases. The expedition started with four ships and 300 colonists, but in an extraordinary run of bad luck during the journey, three of the ships were lost to pirates and shipwreck. He explored present day Wisconsin and most of the coastal cities around the Great Lakes list him as the first European to set foot on their land. After a brief visit to Montreal in the summer of 1680, during which he attempted, with little effect, to satisfy his creditors, La Salle again set out for the Illinois country. In January 1680, he built Fort Miami at the mouth of the Miami River, now the St. Joseph River, in today's St. Joseph, Michigan. La Salle and Tonti then sailed Le Griffon up Lake Erie and into Lake Huron to Michilimackinac, near the present-day Straits of Mackinac in Michigan, before reaching the site of today's Green Bay, Wisconsin. Posted on Last updated: April 25, 2020 By: Author Russell Yost. Robert de La Salle, also called Robert Sieur de la Salle, was a famous French explorer. La Salle built Fort Conti at the mouth of the Niagara River. Robert D Lasalle, Robie D Lasalle, Robert De-la Salle, Robert L De La Salle and Robert L De Lasalle are some of the alias or nicknames that Robert has used. He followed his brother Jean, a Jesuit priest, to Montreal, Canada (then called New France), and resigned from the Jesuit order in 1967. The basin of Mississippi River was claimed by LaSalle for France. Profile von Personen mit dem Namen Robert de La Salle anzeigen. Amanda Briney is a professional geographer. Learning how to navigate the great river would allow La Salle to set up many trading posts that he could navigate quickly and create a network that would enhance the wealth of France and himself. She holds an M.A. Motives When Robert de la Salle set sail, he was in search of the Mississippi River, hoping that that was a passage to Asia. By age 22, however, La Salle found himself attracted to adventure. On Aug. 7, 1679, La Salle and Italian explorer Henri de Tonti set sail on Le Griffon, a ship he had built that became the first full-size sailing ship to travel the Great Lakes. Robert did … Cavelier de la Salle, aka René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle (1643-1697) French Explorer & Fur Trader in North America, meeting Native Americans who Propose a Peace Pipe. After a conference with the governor and the stalling of his principal creditor, La Salle headed westward once more, determined this time to reach the mouth of th… La Salle left Tonti in charge of the fort and returned to Fort Frontenac for supplies. Read more about La Salle here. After his death, the settlement lasted only until 1688, when local Indigenous peoples killed the remaining adults and took the children captive. This also allowed him to bypass the rapids in the Niagara river that led to Niagara Falls. He explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico. Route. He had land in Canada. La Salle was known for exploring the Great Lakes Region, the Ohio River, Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico. La Salle became hostile to the organization, and in … On July 12, 1673, the Governor of New France, Louis de Buade de Frontenac, arrived at the mouth of the Cataraqui River to meet with leaders of the Five Nations of the Iroquois to encourage them to trade with the French. Robert de LaSalle 1. In 1682 he departed Fort Crevecoeur with a group of Frenchmen and Indians and canoed down the Mississippi River. At the age of fifteen, he was enrolled in the Jesuit noviciate of Rouen, and he took his vows in 1660. He returned and rebuilt Frontenac in stone. In 1683 La Salle established Fort St. Louis at Starved Rock in Illinois and left Tonti in charge while he returned to France to resupply. Robert de la Salle was born in France in the early 1600's. They had four ships and 300 colonists. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. As a man, he studied with the Jesuit religious order and became a member after taking initial vows in 1660. Robert de La Salle was one of the most successful explorers in the New World. He is best known for an early 1682 expedition in which he canoed the lower Mississippi River from the mouth of the Illinois River to the Gulf of Mexico and claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France. René Robert Cavelier war ein Sohn des wohlhabenden Kaufmanns Jean Cavelier in Rouen.Der Name „La Salle“, den er später annahm, stammte von einem Familienbesitz nahe Rouen. La Salle reassembled a party for another major expedition. On his fourth attempt to locate the Mississippi, 36 of his crew mutinied and on March 19, 1687, he was killed. In addition, he explored much of the Midwest region of what would become the United States as well as portions of Eastern Canada and the Great Lakes. Il étudie au collège des jésuites de Rouen (actuellement, il s'agit du lycée Pierre Corneille) et entre au noviciat de la Compagnie de Jésus, au sei… They provide remarkable insights into the strategies and supplies that were used to establish colonies in 17th century North America. Then, he explored the Great Lakes. At what later became the site of Memphis, Tennessee, he built the small Fort Prudhomme. Robert de La Salle님과 다른 지인들과의 연락을 위해 Facebook에 가입하세요. He appointed Tonti to command the fort while he traveled to France for supplies. He thought that might be the way to get to China. He was a French explorer and he discovered places like the Mississippi River and Lake Ontario. Robert Cavalier, Sieur de LaSalle (1643-1687) December 4, 2020 December 29, 2020 Cassidy Already well known as an explorer and fur trader in Canada, Rene Robert Cavelier, Sieur de LaSalle wound his way in 1682 down the Mississippi, claiming … By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Biography of Jacques Cartier, Early Explorer of Canada, Biography of Bartolomé de Las Casas, Spanish Colonist, Meriwether Lewis: Biography of an American Explorer, American Revolution: Commodore John Paul Jones, The Battle of Fort Niagara in the French and Indian War, René-Robert Cavelier, sieur de La Salle: French Explorer, René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle Biography, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. While he was exploring New France he left the Jesuit religion. René-Robert Cavelier, Sieur de La Salle was born at Rouen, in Normandy, on the twenty-first of November, 1643. Robert Cavelier de la Salle (November 22, 1643–March 19, 1687) was a French explorer credited with claiming Louisiana and the Mississippi River Basin for France. The expedition was plagued by pirates, hostile Indians, and poor navigation. Thanks to his powerful protector, the famous explorer managed, during a voyage to France in 1674–75, to secure for himself the grant of Fort Cataraqui and acquired letters of nobility for himself and his descendants. Le nom de « de La Salle », qu'il portera plus tard provient d'une propriété familiale dans les environs de Rouen1. He was born on 22nd November 1643 and died on 19th March 1687. On April 9, 1682, at the mouth of the Mississippi River near modern Venice, Louisiana, he buried an engraved plate and a cross, claiming the territory for France. He belonged to a wealthy middle-class family. When La Salle was younger he enjoyed science and nature. Robert de La Salle sailed to find a trade route with the east. 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